Nasal polyps: causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention and recovery
Nasal polyps are fleshy swellings that form on the lining of the nasal passages and sinuses. They are not cancer, but they can cause serious discomfort to the patient. They are usually tan or pink in color and teardrop-shaped. Their size depends on various factors and usually look like bunches of grapes. Polyps usually occur in both nasal passages at the same time.
What Causes Nasal Polyps?
The exact cause of nasal polyp formation is unknown, but most doctors believe it occurs as a result of chronic inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and sinuses. They can occur in parts of the nasal passages and sinuses, but they usually occur near the eyes, nose, and cheekbones.
Prolonged inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and sinuses causes them to become red, swollen, and eventually form cystic growths called polyps. Because the nerves are numb, they may go unnoticed for a long time, but severe airway obstruction should be treated immediately.
Nasal polyps are very common in allergy sufferers due to long-term inflammation and swelling, recurrent infections, drug hypersensitivity, and some immune disorders. It is also commonly diagnosed in people suffering from asthma, allergic sinusitis, cystic fibrosis, Churg-Strauss syndrome (inflammation of blood vessels), vitamin D deficiency, etc. People who are sensitive to anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and aspirin also have polyps.
How do nasal polyps affect health?
Small nasal polyps are generally asymptomatic, but large growths can block nasal passages and cause severe breathing difficulties. There are even things.
The most common symptoms of nasal polyps are:
- runny nose and persistent nasal congestion
- Postnasal drip and frequent nosebleeds
- Diminished or absent sense of smell
- loss of taste
- facial pain and headache
- tooth pain
- forehead and face weight
Without proper treatment for nasal polyps, complications such as obstructive sleep apnea and asthma flare-ups can occur. recurrent sinus infectionsSuch
When should I consult a doctor for treatment?
Most people confuse nasal polyps with cold and flu infections because the symptoms are so similar. is that If symptoms persist for more than 10 days she should consult a doctor.
Immediate attention should be given if you have severe breathing difficulties, double vision or decreased vision, severe facial swelling, or headaches. Otolaryngologist You can treat nasal polyps long-term.
How are nasal polyps treated?
The main goal of nasal polyp treatment is to reduce the size of nasal polyps or eliminate them completely to alleviate associated problems such as: Sinusitis, asthma flare-ups, etc. Generally, the first approach to treatment is medication. Medical treatments generally include nasal corticosteroids or oral/injectable corticosteroids. In addition to these, you may also need medications to relieve symptoms, such as sinus medications and pain management. If you have allergies, you may also need medications for allergy management.
However, surgical intervention may be necessary if medical treatment is ineffective in shrinking the polyp. The most preferred operations for nasal polyps are: FESS (Functional Endoscopic Nasal Surgery)During endoscopic surgery, an ENT surgeon inserts an endoscope through the nasal cavity and uses small instruments to remove polyps and improve airflow through the nose and sinus areas. It is very beneficial for recovery as no large cuts or incisions are made during the surgery.
How long does it take for nosebleeds to heal?
The exact recovery time after nasal polyps depends on the severity of the condition, the size of the polyp, the type of symptoms involved, the type of treatment, etc. With medical management, noticeable improvement usually takes about 1-2 weeks. It takes…with symptoms. However, most patients are advised that he takes the drug for 4-6 weeks to prevent recurrence.
If surgery is required, most patients can begin light activity and return to work within a week. However, exercise and strenuous activity should be postponed until at least 2-3 weeks after surgery. Full recovery usually takes about 4 to 6 weeks.
Can I prevent the formation of nasal polyps?
Prevention of nasal polyps is important for patients with risk factors and those undergoing treatment to prevent recurrence. Here are some basic prevention tips that patients can follow to prevent nasal polyps:
- Manage allergies and asthma properly as directed by your doctor. If your current treatment strategy is not effective, talk to your doctor for an update.
- Avoid nasal irritants that can contribute to nasal irritation, such as known allergens, pollen, cigarette smoke, chemical fumes, dust, and fine debris.
- Keep your surroundings clean and good hygiene to avoid infection.
- If you live in a dry area, use a humidifier to help with breathing and airflow.
- Rinse your nasal passages with lukewarm/salt water using a neti pot or similar nasal rinse kit.
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