Pediatric hematology and oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of children with a wide range of blood disorders, including both cancerous and noncancerous conditions.
Blood disorders are common in children. They can affect a child’s quality of life and can even be life threatening.
What are Pediatric Hematological Disorders?
Pediatric hematological disorders represent a wide range of blood disorders that are typically found in infants, children, and adolescents. Most blood disorders are caused by another condition and can be cured by treating the underlying condition. The most common types of blood disorders seen in children are:
- iron deficiency anemia (caused by a child’s diet lacking iron), sickle cell disease (a series of malformed and destroyed red blood cells), aplastic anemia (a condition in which the bone marrow fails to function) anemia such as not making enough blood cells)
- Bleeding disorders such as hemophilia (excessive bleeding after injury or injury) and von Willebrand disease (a bleeding disorder caused by low levels of clotting proteins in the blood)
- Thalassemia (a blood disorder in which oxygen-carrying proteins are less than normal)
- Blood cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma
What are the signs of blood diseases in children?
Symptoms depend on the type of blood disorder.
However, common signs and symptoms of blood disorders that can be seen are:
- abnormal bleeding
- difficulty breathing
- bone discomfort
- slow growing
What Causes Blood Disorders in Children?
Childhood blood disorders can be inherited and can be caused by genetic mutations. A family history of blood disorders, such as blood cancer, thalassemia, and sickle cell disease, can put a child at risk. It may be the result of a shortage.
How can blood disorders in children be treated?
Treatment of blood disorders is determined by the type of disorder, symptoms, underlying causes, and the child’s overall health.
Treatment of anemia:
Vitamins and nutritional therapy, drugs that stimulate red blood cell count, and antibodies may be treatments for anemia. In extreme cases, blood transfusions may be required to restore red blood cells quickly. Aplastic anemia may require a bone marrow transplant.
Treatment of bleeding disorders: Treatment depends on the cause of the bleeding. Platelet or clotting factor transfusions are commonly given to prevent bleeding.
Treatment of clotting disorders: Anticoagulants or anticoagulants and thrombolytics are used to treat clotting disorders. They block the formation and growth of blood clots or break up existing blood clots.
Treatment of blood cancers:
Chemotherapy, radiation therapy. Targeted therapies and biologics may be used to treat blood disorders. In some cases, Bone marrow transplantation Or a stem cell transplant is an option.
Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
The Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology treats children with hematologic diseases and cancers and is made up of leading consultants adequately supported by junior staff.
Treating children with blood disorders such as anemia and bleeding disorders such as hemophilia. Key service areas include treating children with primary thalassemia, sickle cell anemia, and recurrent infections with suspected primary immunodeficiency disorders.
These children are seen in our specialty clinics and are provided with diagnostic services including molecular testing and complete treatment including radical bone marrow transplantation, all under one roof.
Cancer in children is curable and this message of hope is what we strive to convey to all children referred for management under our care.
We work as a team with diagnostic services, PET CT and expert histopathologists, hematopathologists, pediatric intensivists, Pediatric Oncologist Radiation oncologists provide optimal care for children with cancer.
bone graft It offers patients with difficult hematologic cancers, primary immunodeficiencies, and thalassemia major a unique chance of a cure. The team performs pediatric transplants with excellent results.
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