A stroke is a brain attack that affects the brain, like a heart attack that affects the heart. This was caused either by a blockage in the blood supply to the brain (ischemic stroke) or by bleeding inside or outside the brain (hemorrhagic stroke).
People over the age of 65 are at increased risk of stroke. However, due to the New Age lifestyle, even young people are being affected. strokeStroke is high blood pressure, uncontrolled diabetes, smokers, sedentary obese people, high blood cholesterol, heart disease, and people with excessive alcohol consumption. Stroke is the leading cause of disability worldwide. India has about 60% of the world’s stroke patients. Studies show that one in four of her adults over the age of 25 will have a stroke in her lifetime.
Approximately 2 million neurons are destroyed every minute in patients with massive ischemic stroke, so the first minute after stroke is critical. Vital areas of brain tissue that preserve memory, thinking, decision-making, speaking and the ability to move limbs are destroyed, leading to permanent disability.
Because ischemic stroke is a painless condition, most people are unaware of it or should see a doctor right away.
Unexpected weakness or numbness in the face, arms, or legs, confusion, difficulty speaking or understanding speech, lack of balance, and visual disturbances are all signs of stroke.Use of acronyms Hurry up – It stands for B.alance, eyour sight, debtdrooping legs, aweakness in arms and legs, S.language disorders and T.call an ambulance. People with these symptoms should be taken to the hospital immediately for treatment. The sooner treatment is started, the more likely the patient will recover without disability.
Treatment of stroke:
If the patient can reach the hospital within 4.5 hours of the first symptoms of an ischemic stroke, doctors can give blood clot-busting drugs. Increases chances of recovery from stroke. When a patient has access to health care within her 24 hours of having a stroke, a neurovascular surgeon performs a minimally invasive procedure called “mechanical thrombectomy” to save the patient and allow the patient to recover from the symptoms of the stroke. help the
However, prompt identification and response to stroke symptoms is key to achieving adequate treatment for stroke patients.
Stroke risk reduction:
To avoid the risk of stroke, Make lifestyle changes and be active, eat healthy and exercise daily, avoid smoking, maintain and maintain your weight blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes. Regular physical examinations help prevent strokes.
This year World Stroke Day will be celebrated on 29th October 2022 with the theme #precious time1 minute and 1 second after hitting the ball is precious.
Dr. Srinivasan Paramasivam
Senior Consultant Neurosurgeon and Head of Neuroendovascular Surgery
Apollo Hospital, Chennai.
https://healthlibrary.askapollo.com/after-stroke-strikes-every-minute-is-precious/ Every minute is precious after a stroke hits