AV Fistula – Complications and Risks

arteriovenous fistula AV fistula Vascular access is a treatment that enhances the effectiveness of hemodialysis. Compared to other vascular access methods, central venous catheters and arteriovenous grafts (AV grafts), Complications of AV fistula Relatively low. That is why this method is considered reliable, long-lasting and safe. What is an AV fistula?

What is AV fistula?

An AV fistula is a procedure in which a vascular surgeon creates a surgical connection between an artery and a vein to form a vascular access for hemodialysis. This is done to ensure an unlimited dialysis process. For those of you who don’t know, vascular access opens up a pathway for the patient’s blood to flow to and from the dialyzer. Purpose? Effective filtration process! In an AV fistula, blood flows from an artery into a vein, increasing blood flow and pressure and dilating the vein. So how does this help the dialysis process? This vein enlargement allows for sufficient blood flow for dialysis, ensuring successful hemodialysis treatment. Moreover, it is very unlikely that the patient will develop it. AV fistula complications, And the treatment is quite long-lasting.

Risks and Complications of AV Fistula

AV fistula is a safe procedure, but it carries significant risks and complications. These complications can affect anyone, so it is imperative to learn about all potential risks and complications. potential AV fistula side effects and complications.

Potential AV fistula side effects and complications during treatment

1) the development of an allergic reaction to anesthesia; However, it is extremely rare.

2) Infected fistula and surrounding tissue, and swelling of the arm.

3) Another complication of AV fistula is the formation of blood clots. These blood clots can travel to the lungs and cause life-threatening complications.

4) Heavy bleeding that can lead to shock.

5) In case of nerve injury, the patient may also experience numbness at the surgical site.

Potential AV fistula side effects and post-treatment complications

Those undergoing treatment for AV fistula should also be aware of the risks and complications that may recur “after” treatment. Listed below are complications of post-treatment AV fistula. part of the disease.

  1. Some patients may develop steel syndrome. A condition caused by a marked increase in blood flow through the veins. This can affect hand movement and may require another surgery.
  2. Infection is another complication, although rare, associated with atrioventricular fistula. Therefore, all patients should take care of their wounds after the surgery is completed.
  3. Blood clotting can occur when blood flow in the fistula stops. In this case, the surgeon creates a different type of access.
  4. Repeated punctures may cause aneurysms and dilation of blood vessels. surgical intervention Is required.

These complications can affect anyone. However, it can be reversed with immediate medical attention. Therefore, contact your healthcare provider as soon as you experience these symptoms.

How to Minimize Your Risk of Developing AV Fistula Side Effects

AV fistula can take up to 14 days to heal. Until then, all patients are advised to take necessary precautions to avoid the possibility of developing potential complications.The following tips will keep the risks and complications of AV fistula at bay. help you do that.

  1. Make lifestyle modifications as directed by your doctor and follow all directions and recommendations.
  2. Check your pulse rate. Call your doctor if you notice significant fluctuations.
  3. Do not wear tight accessories on your arms. It may impede blood flow.
  4. Do not lift heavy objects or injure your arm with the AV fistula attached.
  5. Do not hold your arm in a bent fistula for long periods of time. Also, be careful not to sleep on your arms.
  6. If you have prescription medications, take them as directed.
  7. Do not measure blood pressure or draw blood from the same arm.

If complications occur despite taking all necessary precautions, contact your doctor for timely diagnosis and treatment.

How many types of AV fistula surgery are there?

There are three types of AV fistula surgery.

  1. Radial head fistula – In a radial head fistula, the radial artery connects to the head vein. This type of fistula is intended to preserve blood vessels in the upper arm. However, this fistula has less blood flow than other available options.
  2. Brachiocranial fistula – In a brachiocephalic fistula, the cephalic vein is connected to the brachial artery. It is created using the upper arm, mainly because the blood vessels in this area are large. In addition, this fistula allows good blood flow.
  3. Brachial radish fistula – This fistula is very complicated to make and is used for patients who have had several unsuccessful AV fistula procedures. In this method, the surgeon creates a connection between a mobilized vein and a superficial tunnel.

AV Fistula Treatment at Pristine Care

Pristyn Care offers state-of-the-art AV fistula treatments. Our vascular surgeons have years of experience and use advanced techniques and the best treatments to ensure the best possible outcomes for our patients. Here’s why you should choose Pristyn Care for your treatment .

  • Free EMI – We offer a variety of free EMI options to help you control the cost of AV fistula surgery.
  • Free doctor visit – A care coordinator at Pristine Care will schedule a free consultation with an experienced vascular surgeon to find the best treatment for you.
  • Free pick-up- Arrange free transportation for all patients to make your commute easier.
  • Free follow-up consultation- All patients receive a free follow-up consultation with their doctor to track their recovery progress.

https://www.pristyncare.com/blog/av-fistula-complications-and-risks/ AV Fistula – Complications and Risks

Exit mobile version